In this article on what is a participle, I am going to deal also with two related questions which will help you understand participles.
These two other questions are:
So here we go...
Look at these two sentences:
In sentence 1, the word barking...
In sentence 2, the whole phrase riding a bicycle...
So then, what is a participle?
A participle is a verbal adjective.
It is by birth a verb,
but mostly serves nouns and pronouns as an adjective does.
They are of three types:
Yes, you can...
The meanings the different types of participles convey are also different. An expert writer can use participles in subtle ways.
Sometimes you may hear or read that there are two (not three) types of participles. This is said because the Perfect Participle has no independent form, but one that depends on the form of the Past Participle.
It's up to you to classify the types as two or three. What is important is to know the answers to...
They are sometimes difficult to understand or deal with; but it need not be so for you, if you go through the following carefully. Understanding the types is part of the original and larger question: what is a participle?
The forms of the three types of Participles are as follows:
This non-finite verb can be recognized from its -ing ending (e.g. eating, playing, singing, studying, sleeping). However, this fact alone is not enough to recognize it for sure, because the gerund also has the same ending.
So then, how can you know for sure that an -ing word is a present participle?
A present participle does the work of an adjective, but a gerund does the work of a noun. Though both have the same form, they are different in the jobs they do.
These two examples will make this point clear to you...
So if you want to recognize a present participle you need to take into consideration not only its form but also its use in sentences.
All past participles do not have one type of form. So they are harder to recognize. Here are some ways to help you recognize them...
The form of this particular non-finite verb depends on that of the previous one, i.e. the past participle.
The form is:
the word 'having' + the past participle.
(e.g. having sung, having won, having met, having rested, having seen, etc).
We have seen the important questions of:
Further questions to deal with are:
You will find the answers if you follow the links in the page on Participles. You will see that each type of participle has some jobs in common with the others, and some specific to it.